Excavation with Heavy Equipment (cont.) These figures assume a crew of one operator unless noted otherwise. Only labor costs are included here. See equipment rental costs at the end of this section. Use the productivity rates listed here to determine the number of hours or days that the equipment will be needed. For larger jobs and commercial work, see excavation costs under Site Work in the Commercial and Industrial division of this book.
Jackhammer, one laborer (per CY of unloosened soil)
  Average soil (2-1/2 CY per hour) BL@.400 CY — 11.90 11.90
  Heavy soil (2 CY per hour) BL@.500 CY — 14.90 14.90
  Igneous or dense rock (.7 CY per hour) BL@1.43 CY — 42.60 42.60
  Most weathered rock (1.2 CY per hour) BL@.833 CY — 24.80 24.80
  Soft sedimentary rock (2 CY per hour) BL@.500 CY — 14.90 14.90
  Air tamp (3 CY per hour) BL@.333 CY — 9.93 9.93
Loader (tractor shovel)
  Piling earth on premises, 1 CY bucket
    Light soil (43 CY per hour) OE@.023 CY — .96 .96
    Heavy soil (35 CY per hour) OE@.029 CY — 1.22 1.22
  Loading trucks, 1 CY bucket
    Light soil (53 CY per hour) OE@.019 CY — .80 .80
    Average soil (43 CY per hour) OE@.023 CY — .96 .96
    Heavy soil (40 CY per hour) OE@.025 CY — 1.05 1.05
  Deduct for 2-1/4 CY bucket — % — -43.0 —
Sheepsfoot roller (18.8 CSF per hour) OE@.001 SF — .04 .04
Sprinkling with truck, (62.3 CSF per hour) TR@.001 SF — .03 .03
Tree and brush removal, labor only (clear and grub, one operator and one laborer)
  Light brush B8@34.8 Acre — 1,250.00 1,250.00
  Heavy brush B8@45.2 Acre — 1,620.00 1,620.00
  Wooded B8@48.7 Acre — 1,750.00 1,750.00
Tree removal, cutting trees, removing branches, cutting into short lengths with chain saws and axes, by tree diameter, labor only
      8" to 12" (5 manhours per tree) BL@5.00 Ea — 149.00 149.00
  13" to 18" (7 manhours per tree) BL@7.00 Ea — 209.00 209.00
  19" to 24" (11 manhours per tree) BL@11.0 Ea — 328.00 328.00
  25" to 36" (14 manhours per tree) BL@14.0 Ea — 417.00 417.00
Tree stump removal, using a small backhoe, by tree diameter, operator only
      6" to 10" (1.6 manhours per stump) OE@1.60 Ea — 67.10 67.10
  11" to 14" (2.1 manhours per stump) OE@2.10 Ea — 88.10 88.10
  15" to 18" (2.6 manhours per stump) OE@2.60 Ea — 109.00 109.00
  19" to 24" (3.1 manhours per stump) OE@3.10 Ea — 130.00 130.00
  25" to 30" (3.3 manhours per stump) OE@3.30 Ea — 138.00 138.00
Trenching machine, crawler-mounted
  Light soil (27 CY per hour) OE@.037 CY — 1.55 1.55
  Heavy soil (21 CY per hour) OE@.048 CY — 2.01 2.01
  Add for pneumatic-tired machine — % — 15.0 —
Excavation Equipment Rental Costs Typical cost not including fuel, delivery or pickup charges. Add labor costs from the previous section. Half day minimums.
Rental for 1/2 day Day Week
Backhoe, wheeled mounted
  55 HP unit, 1/8 to 3/4 CY bucket 225.00 321.00 1,000.00
  65 HP unit, 1/4 to 1 CY bucket 233.00 333.00 1,200.00
  Add for each delivery or pickup 125.00 125.00 125.00
Bulldozer, crawler tractor
      65 HP unit, D-3 394.00 420.00 1,250.00
      90 to 105 HP unit, D-4 or D-5 416.00 594.00 1,610.00
  140 HP unit, D-6 568.00 811.00 2,310.00
  Add for each delivery or pickup 125.00 125.00 125.00

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